Trends and prospects for livestock and crop production in tropical Africa

by Claude de Montgolfier-KoueМЃvi

Publisher: International Livestock Centre for Africa in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa)

Written in English
Published: Pages: 124 Downloads: 365
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Places:

  • Africa, Sub-Saharan.

Subjects:

  • Livestock -- Africa, Sub-Saharan.,
  • Agriculture -- Africa, Sub-Saharan.,
  • Produce trade -- Africa, Sub-Saharan.

Edition Notes

Statementby Claude de Montgolfier-Kouévi and Annie Vlavonou.
SeriesWorking document / ILCA Headquarters ;, 5, Working document (International Livestock Centre for Africa) ;, 5.
ContributionsVlavonou, Annie., International Livestock Centre for Africa.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsSF55.A38 M65 1981
The Physical Object
Pagination124 p. :
Number of Pages124
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3157619M
LC Control Number82980083

Lost in the debates about the appropriate scale of production to promote agricultural growth in Africa is the rapid expansion of medium-scale farmers. Using Zambia as a case study, this article explores the causes and consequences of this middle-tier transformation on the future of small-scale agriculture. Combining political economic analysis with household survey data, this article examines. Organic livestock production: an emerging opportunity with new challenges for producers in tropical countries M. Chander(1), B. Subrahmanyeswari(2), R. Mukherjee(3) & S. Kumar(3) (1) Principal Scientist, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar (UP), India. This report analyzes the structure and trends in the crop-livestock economies of developing countries falling wi thin the semi-arid tropics of the wor ld. Population growth, urbanization and increasing per capita incomes are fuelling rapid growth in the demand for animal-based foods in developing countries including those located in the semi-arid tropics. Agriculture is the science and art of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago. After gathering wild grains beginning at least , years ago, nascent farmers.

In (sub)tropical Africa and Asia, smallholder mixed systems contribute to the livelihood of two-thirds of the population, producing a large part of the staple food and animal products consumed by poor people (Herrero et al., ). These systems are characterised by the combination and interdependence of crop production and livestock husbandry. This study examined the impact of climate change on the composition of agricultural output in Nigeria for the period to Using an Ordinary Least square (OLS) estimation technique, the study observed that with exception to fishery production, climate change had a significant and positive impact on the composition of agricultural output in Nigeria. warming. Recent studies suggest that the production of major commodities has declined since due to global warming (Lobell et al. ). It is estimated that, given current warming trends in sub-Saharan Africa, the production of major cereals could decline by as large as 20% by mid--century (Schlenker and Lobell ). The poor who depend on. Despite the theoretical benefits of crop-livestock interaction, crop and animal production are not well integrated in sub-Saharan Africa. The transition from separate, extensive crop and animal production to integrated, more intensive forms has been difficult to achieve via projects.

  A study published last year indicates the potential for the growth in livestock production and demand in Africa to contribute greatly to the continent’s employment and economy as well as to the resilience and productivity of its many livestock keepers. Agriculture commodities in South Africa 16 Production trends in South African agriculture 17 Western Cape agriculture 19 Key players 20 Drivers of green technologies and approaches in agriculture 21 Climate change and water scarcity 21 Environmental degradation   A 'world-first' study of the genomes of indigenous cattle in Africa has revealed vital clues that will help secure the future of cattle production on the continent. Maize and rice tie for the second most widely grown crop in the world (wheat is number one). No other crop produces more grain than maize. Industrialized countries largely use it as livestock feed. In sub-Saharan Africa, maize is the most widely grown crop and is .

Trends and prospects for livestock and crop production in tropical Africa by Claude de Montgolfier-KoueМЃvi Download PDF EPUB FB2

Increasing livestock numbers in the future will clearly add to the demand for water, particularly in the production of livestock feed: one cubic metre of water can produce anything from about kg of dry animal feed in North American grasslands to about 5 kg of feed in some tropical systems (Peden et al.

).Cited by: World Livestock Production Systems FAO ANIMAL Current Status, Issues and Trends PRODUCTION AND HEALTH PAPER LGT Livestock Grassland Temperate and Tropical Highlands LLM Livestock Landless Monogastric LLR Livestock Landless Ruminant the livestock element is interwoven with crop production, as in the rice/buffaloFile Size: KB.

Livestock production is likely to be increasingly affected by carbon constraints and environmental and animal welfare legislation.

recent trends, future prospects. Phil Trans R Soc   Livestock production is likely to be increasingly affected by carbon constraints and environmental and animal welfare legislation.

Demand for livestock products in the future could be heavily moderated by socio-economic factors such as human health concerns and Cited by: Prospects for Livestock-Based Livelihoods in Africa’s Drylands P rospects for Livestock-Based Livelihoods in Africa’s Drylands examines the challenges and opportunities facing the livestock sector and the people who depend on livestock in the dryland regions of Sub-Saharan Africa.

It presents a novel way of thinking about pastoral development,File Size: 9MB. Prospects for livestock-based livelihoods in Africa’s drylands (English) Abstract. Prospects for Livestock-Based Livelihoods in Africa’s Drylands examines the challenges and opportunities facing the livestock sector and the people who depend on livestock in the dryland regions of Sub-Saharan Africa.

The book focus on challenges, progress and prospects of crop production. It comprises of vast array of topics including latest agronomics practices for different crops to enhance productivity, mitigate the challenges imposed by climate change, improve water use efficiency, factors controlling dormancy, optimum use of fertilizers etc.

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS TROPICAL BIOLOGY AND CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT – Vol. III - Tropical Livestock: Production and Management - G. Morales ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) altitude above sea level.

The great tropical world comprises most of Central and South America, part of the. o Livestock is major contributor to crop-production in developing world: fertilization and draught power to cultivate about 40% of arable land o Provides insurance and ready cash to rural poor as household capital reserve o Is a source of significant adding value by-products, such as leather, fibers.

Livestock play an important role in the economy of sub-Saharan Africa, providing sustenance as milk and meat, animal traction and transport, manure for crop production, cash income from sales of livestock products and a safety net of capital assets to face risks and misfortunes in harsh environments.

The Systematics of African Livestock Production 52 4. 1 Farming Systems and Ecological Zones 52 4. 2 Livestock Type and Product 54 Livestock Functions 54 Livestock Management 59 4. 3 Livestock Production Systems and their Development 63 5 PASTORAL RANGE-LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS On the negative side, a large majority of livestock keepers are classifi ed as poor, and the natural (feed) resource base is likely to be suffi cient to enable improved meat and milk production for the growing human population.

Prospects for the livestock sector through vary by aridity zone. CROP AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION TRENDS Charts of production statistics for important products, covering 40 years, as far as available Prepared under the direction of the Statistical Committee: J.

Becker, chairman, Lewis B. Flohr. USDA strives to sustain and enhance economical crop production by developing and transferring sound, research-derived, knowledge to agricultural producers that results in food and fiber crops that are safe for consumption.

Crop Acreage and Yield Crop Acreage and Yields USDA produces charts and maps displaying crop yields, crop weather, micromaps, and crop acreage animations.

2 These continually evolving climatic changes are projected to have significant negative impacts on agricultural productivity. Specifically for potential crop production, climate change is expected to cause substantial reductions in southern Africa (up to 30% by for maize production) and South Asia (up to 10% for staples such as rice.

TRENDS IN THE PRODUCTION, TRADE, AND CONSUMPTION OF FOOD-LEGUME CROPS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA By Comlanvi Sitou Akibode Food legumes in Sub-Saharan Africa play a vital role by being a source of livelihood for millions of people; and offer tremendous potential to contribute to the alleviation of malnutrition among resource-poor farmers.

Besides contributing to a substantial proportion of the meat supply, livestock forms an integral part of the tropical African economy. Livestock is a frequent form of financial investment.

Meat, being the most common protein source, is in short supply, therefore, the need to develop the livestock industry to meet demand is great. Due to the cost of concentrates and feeds, animals are often.

Ethiopia experiences significant climate-induced drought and stress on crop and livestock productivity, contributing to widespread food insecurity. Here, we present subseasonal crop water stress analyses that indicate degrading, growing conditions along Ethiopia’s eastern highlands, including productive and populated highland regions.

These seasonally shifting areas of increasing water. Yet, both crop and livestock production are a common feature as a response to inadequate and costly food supplies [42 Cofie O.

Emerging issues in urban agricultural development in West Africa. Paper presented at 22nd Annual Southwest Zonal Research-Extension-Farmer-Input-Linkage Systems (REFILS) Workshop, th Feb. Trends in the value of Ethiopian livestock and livestock product exports, /71 to / Animals vaccinated, diseased and treated in smallholder farms, averaged from /06 to / livestock to the agricultural GDP is 35% (FAO, ).

Although the country used to export large quantities of livestock products to the EU and South Africa, Zimbabwe has lost this ability with the collapse of commercial agriculture beginning in Livestock production today rests solely in the hands of small-scale producers who. The development of livestock production systems in the Andean region: implications for smallholder producers.

In Animal production and animal science worldwide: A Review on Developments and Research in Livestock Systems, World Association of Animal Production, Book of the Year (ed.

A Rosati, A Tewolde, C Mosconi), pp. – sale of livestock and crop products (MDGs 1, 3) and by providing insurance against uncertainties e.g. drought; TP 1 PT The detailed analysis R “Identifying options to reduce poverty and enhance the livelihoods of small-scale crop-livestock producers in sub-Saharan Africa” –.

Book: Crop production in tropical Africa pp pp. Abstract: The origin, classification classification Subject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment see more details, biology, ecology ecology Subject Category: Disciplines, Occupations and Industries.

Agricultural productivity in Africa: Trends, patterns, and determinants: Synopsis. Raising agricultural productivity and accelerating agricultural growth are commonly promoted as core development strategies throughout Africa, since the majority of the continent’s poor.

Development of livestock production in the tropics: farm and farmers’ perspectives - Volume 8 Special Issue - S. Oosting, H. Udo, T. Viets. "Prospects for Livestock-Based Livelihoods in Africa’s Drylands examines the challenges and opportunities facing the livestock sector and the people who depend on livestock in the dryland.

Livestock production is a complex component of agricultural production and rural life in Tropical Africa. Different species and different products are involved. The functions of livestock range from the provision of food to social and cultural roles.

The ecological conditions vary from the dry and hot to the moist and cool, and traditional management systems coexist with modern ones. Trends in sub-Saharan Africa's livestock industries* Addis Anteneh Livestock Policy Unit, ILCA,Addis Ababa, Ethiopia * The original version of this paper was presented at the conference on Advancing Agricultural Production in Africa, sponsored by the Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.

Future trends Conclusions References Acknowledgements 3. Crop residues in tropical Africa: trends in supply, demand and use Abstract Introduction Country profiles Subregional profiles West Africa Southern Africa Eastern Kenya Ethiopian Highlands Rwanda and Western Kenya Grain, stover and livestock feed Millet Sorghum Maize The cool tropics.

Many projections of the impact of climate change on the crop, livestock and fishery production sectors of African agriculture are reported in the literature. However, they may be arguably too general to understand the magnitude of impact and to inform adaptation strategies and policy development efforts that are tailored to promoting climate-smart agriculture in the West African region .ANIMAL AND PLANT PRODUCTIVITY - Animal Production in the Tropics - C.

Devendra ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) animal genetic resources, are briefly described. Animal production systems are discussed with reference to types, trends, opportunities for productivity enhancement, and the implications for natural resource management.Agriculture and Agribusiness in South Africa: Prospects and Challenges sub-tropical fruit, table grapes, vegetables 3.

Animal production •Strong input sector: Seed, fertilizer, crop protection and veterinary chemicals, animal feed, packaging, agricultural machinery, fuel, etc. (Technology-based).